What Determines Your Credit Score?
Credit scoring is intricate, and the three major credit bureaus use different models to evaluate an applicant’s creditworthiness.
Borrower’s FICO rating. Three major credit reporting agencies exist Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. Equifax provides scores from 300 to 850, with 300 being the lowest possible score and 850 being the best. Experian goes up to 820, while TransUnion goes to 934. In the same way, computer operating systems like Windows 98, Windows 2000, and Windows XP have seen regular updates throughout the years, and so too, have credit-scoring system versions. When pulling a borrower’s credit record and score, not all lenders utilize the same performance, let alone the most recent one. Because of this, your credit score may differ from one lender to the next.
The bulk of your credit score is based on five primary aspects. The length of your credit history accounts for 15%, the amount you owe about what you have available accounts for 30%, new credit, and recent inquiries account for 10%, and the remaining 10% comes from various other items, such as the mix of credit you currently have. We will then explain the fundamentals of credit scoring and cover each of the five components in further depth. This material is intended solely for educational purposes and as a reference for understanding the fundamentals of credit rating.
Receipt of Payments (35%).
Your payment history accounts for the bulk of your credit score.
Your credit score might be hit by bankruptcy, collection accounts, delayed pays and late payments, foreclosures, judgments, and liens. On the other hand, your credit scores will rise over time if you have a track record of making payments on time and maintaining a spotless credit report. Any poor credit history or adverse credit variables will less impact your credit score as time goes on. Because of this, recent late payments or other disparaging credit will have a much higher impact on your credit score than on your older adverse history.
Balances on Revolving Credit Cards at or Near Their Limits (30%)
The utilization of revolving credit is the second most influential aspect of a credit score. The ratio between your available and utilized revolving credit will be a significant factor in the credit scoring algorithms. Having all your revolving credit or credit card accounts at their maximum limits is not a good idea and will not boost your credit ratings. Credit bureaus won’t see how well you manage your credit if you pay off your revolving credit cards. Use between 20 and 40 percent of your available credit at most.
In other words, if your credit card has a $1,000 maximum, you shouldn’t charge up to the limit but keep your balance between $200 and $400. You could either strive to pay down your balance to the 40% threshold or contact your credit card company to see if they can increase your limit if you have borrowed more than 50% of your available credit on your card. The worst thing you can do is max out your card and incur overdraft fees. Your credit score will take a significant hit as a result of this.
How Long You’ve Had Credit (15%)
The longer and more consistently positive your credit history is, the more significant influence it can have. If two people have the same credit score, but one has a 10-year history of timely payments, the one with the more extended history is a much better risk. Keep your credit card accounts open after paying them off, and use them sometimes to keep your credit history from shortening. When you close a statement, the amount of time the report was opened is reduced, which can hurt your credit score. The longer you’ve had credit accounts open, the better. Even with a decent credit score, lenders may hesitate to provide you with their best financing choices due to your limited credit history.
Inquiries and New Credit (10%)
Your credit ratings will be slightly impacted by the quantity of recently opened lines of credit. Applying for new credits and adding new trade lines to your credit report can hurt your credit score. For starters, opening many new accounts at once can hurt your credit. Second, if you apply for many different kinds of loans from many other lenders in a short period, it might hurt your credit score.
Credit score might be partly attributed to the number of inquiries made on your account. However, this does not mean you shouldn’t compare rates from several lenders or have multiple companies check your credit before making a large purchase. You should research and compare rates from other lenders to ensure you obtain the best possible terms. However, completing your quote comparison shopping within a 30-day window would be best. If you apply for a car loan or a mortgage and make multiple inquiries within 14 days, they will all be counted as a single inquiry. As a result, warnings that letting others check your credit could negatively affect your ratings are usually unfounded. A credit score solely takes into account one specific kind of inquiry. A credit application (a mortgage, car loan, credit card, etc.) constitutes one sort of inquiry. Your scores have no effect when you check it yourself, when an existing creditor checks it, or when a potential employer matches it. Knowing this will assist you in avoiding believing any of the numerous credit inquiry urban legends.
Sources and Distribution of Funding (10%)
A slight positive effect on credit ratings might be expected from using a variety of credit types. Having 15 credit cards and no other forms of credit is not as good as having a healthy mix of credit, including a mortgage, vehicle loan, 2-4 credit cards, and perhaps a personal loan. Two to four credit cards are the sweet spot. In addition to a mortgage loan and other monthly loans, it’s wise to have access to other forms of debt.
Knowing your credit report, credit scores, and how credit scoring works is the first and most critical step in applying for a loan.
At least once a year, everyone should check their credit report for any errors or suspicious activity that could indicate identity theft. A new law established just recently gives borrowers free annual access to their credit reports so that they may check their credit history and make sure everything is accurate. TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian all maintain credit reports; you can request one from each. You can get your free account by accessing AnnualCreditReport.com and following the instructions. While your credit score won’t be included in your free report, you can pay a nominal fee when you request your account to see it. If you want to dispute any inaccurate information with the relevant agencies, pulling a report from each repository separately rather than from all at once is best. If you only contact one of the departments, they will not coordinate with the other two to resolve the issue. Keep in mind that the various departments operate independently of one another and cannot communicate with one another. Some creditors report to all three agencies, creditors report to two bureaus, and creditors report to none. This is why you should examine all three credit repositories when utilizing your free annual credit report.
In conclusion, your credit and familiarity with the fundamentals of credit scoring are crucial.
Complex mathematical models are used by each of the three major credit bureaus to arrive at a single credit score for a borrower. Three major credit reporting agencies exist Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. Equifax credit scores can be anywhere between 300 and 850.
Listed below are the three most important places to check your credit:
Postal Service Box 740241, Atlanta, Georgia 30374-0241 * (800) 685-1111 Equifax Credit Bureau
* (888) 397-3742 Experian (Formerly TRW Credit Bureau) P.O. Box 949 Allen, TX 75013
Postal Service Box 390 Springfield, Pennsylvania 19064-0390 Telephone: (800) 916-8800 Fax: (800) 682-7654 Fax Number: (714) 680-7292 Trans Union Corporation (Credit Bureau) Consumer Disclosure Center